Posted: Thu 8th Sep 2022
A trademark protects your brand, not your idea. It stops other businesses from using your brand (or a confusingly similar brand) in a competing or similar business.
For instance, the bookshop Waterstones has a trademark for the mark ‘Waterstones’. If you set up an e-commerce business selling books, you could not call it Waterstones, Waterstone, Water Stone or H2O Stones, as each of those brands is confusingly similar to Waterstones and relates to the same goods and services.
However, you could potentially set up a garden centre and call it Water Stone, as the business relates to completely separate goods and services.
Under English law, as soon as you start using a brand in the course of a trade you’re protected by a concept referred to as ‘passing off’.
This means that if someone uses your brand in the course of a similar trade in a way that’s likely to confuse customers into believing they’re dealing with your business, you can stop them.
That said, it’s easier to prevent infringement if you have a trademark – so it’s worth getting one filed as soon as you can.
Kind of! But it’s extremely expensive. You can apply for a trademark in most countries via the World Intellectual Property Office by paying an initial fee of around 650 Swiss francs (£550).
However, each national regulator will ask that you pay them filing fees, so the cost racks up fast. It’s far better to file for a UK trademark first and then ‘passport’ that mark into other countries.
This tends to be a quicker and cheaper way of expanding your protection. Most businesses start with the UK, then move on to the EU and then the US.
Anyone can apply for a trademark. But if your brand is the same as (or similar to) existing trademarks, the regulator may raise an objection, or the holder of the trademark may raise an opposition.
This can land you with additional costs and delays. With some terms, you simply won’t be able to trademark them.
For example, you couldn’t trademark ‘The Law Firm’ as the brand for your law firm. If you apply for a trademark for such a term, your application will likely be refused, or worse – you may be granted the trademark but later find that it’s unenforceable.
A lawyer should be able to identify, before you apply, any trademarks that may be an issue. If so, they will advise you on how to avoid any issues.
Securing a trademark may not be a priority, but checking if there are any competing brands is very important because your brand may infringe existing trademarks. You should always:
see what URLs are available and check the websites of businesses with URLs similar to your brand
check what social media handles are available and check the business using similar handles to your brand
run a Google search for your brand and check out the businesses on the first couple of pages of results
ask your friends and family what they think and if your brand rings any bells for them